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Solar Enhanced Oil Recovery Plant Project - Amal Oil Field
This project involves construction of a solar enhanced oil recovery (EOR) plant with capacity of 1,021 megawatts (MW), will be developed at the Amal oil field in southern Oman. Known as Miraah, the scheme will be one of the world's largest solar plants using sun's rays to produce steam to inject into oil wells to boost recovery. It is expected to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by over 300,000 tons annually. Steam for EOR at the field is currently produced by burning natural gas. Once complete, Miraah will save 5.6 trillion British thermal units (btu) of gas a year - enough to provide electricity for 209,000 people. The full-scale scheme will comprise 36 glasshouse modules, built and commissioned in succession in groups of four. The total project area, including all supporting infrastructure, will span three square kilometers. The project will generate an average of 6,000 tons of solar steam daily for oil production, dwarfing all other solar EOR installations. The system will deliver steam to Amals existing thermal EOR operations, meeting a sizable portion of the fields steam demand. It is expected to break ground this year, with steam generation from the first glasshouse module in 2017. Construction on the poject began in October 2015 with steam generation from the first glasshouse module expected in 2017. Once complete, Miraah will deliver more energy to the customer than any other solar plant in the world. The project is expected to reduce CO2 emissions by over 300,000 tons annually, the equivalent of taking 63,000 cars off the road. An US-based solar contractor has been awarded the main contract. The concentrating solar power (CSP) technology uses large, curved mirrors to focus sunlight on a boiler tube containing water, which in turn produces steam to be fed into the oil field's steam distribution network. The mirrors are contained within a glasshouse to protect them from the wind, sand and dust storms.